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Essay on Evolving Societies of English Origin

December 18th, 2009 No comments

Throughout the seventeenth century, the English evolved into two distinct societies within the northern New England area and southern Chesapeake region. These territories contained inhabitants that were different economically, religiously, and in overall living conditions. The grounds for these distinct developments were mostly based on the type of people that came from England and the lifestyle they wanted, adapted, or were forced to live.

In the vicinity of the New England and Chesapeake region, the first differentiating quality that they had was in economics. Economically, New England had agriculture in a more diverse kind. Although agriculture continued to dominate in the New England area, it was less favorable there than in the south. The combination of hard and rocky soil along with cold weather conditions made it complicated for farming to become a main source commercial farming system, as seen in the south. To compensate, New Englanders engaged in home industries. Intermittently, these home industries provided surplus goods that one may sell or trade. Colonists worked at home as cobblers, blacksmiths, silversmiths, cabinetmakers, and printers. Some people harnessed the power of water to run small mills for grinding grain, making clothes, or processing lumber. Shipbuilding operations and ironworks also began to blossom in New England during this period. In the Chesapeake region, economics were primarily focused on farming cash crops. Fertile soil and clement weather supported the production of farming. Planters cultivated Indigo and Rice but the main source was all in thanks to Tobacco. Tobacco played a major role as it was the foundation of the southern economies success. Strong European demand for Tobacco made many farmers wealthy and several prospered. In Georgia and South Carolina, rice production under the radiating sun in knee deep mud motivated the white laborers to quit. As a result, planters took advantage of African slaves for labor and found it to be more economical and effective to get the job done. Read more…